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Abstract Detail


Economic Botany Section

Schafran, Peter [1], Ahmad, Saman [2], Musselman, Lytton [3].

The ethnobotany of Pistacia eurycarpa Yaltirik in Iraqi-Kurdistan: its chemical composition and anti-microbial activity.

Pistacia eurycarpa (Sorani Kurdish: kazwan)had been used in a variety of ways for hundreds, if not thousands, of years by the Kurds of the Zagros Mountains. In what is present-day Iraq, products from this tree make up several aspects of Kurdish culture, including food, medicine, and everyday items.Though not cultivated, fruits are sold on a large scale and leaves are used to brew a medicinal tea. An oleo-gum resin exuded from injury to the tree's trunk is taken internally or applied topically to combat an array of maladies, such as skin infections and duodenal ulcers. This resin is also cooked into a chewing gum.The rock-hard nuts are drilled to create beads, strung together to form a unique kind of worry beads. Of all the P. eurycarpa products currently harvested, the most bioactive is likely the resin exudate. I intend to use chromatographic methods to elucidate the chemical composition of this resin,and based on this identify compounds that could account for the observed medicinal effects on this plant.

Broader Impacts:


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1 - Old Dominion University, Biological Sciences, 1049 Buckingham Ave., Apt. 132C, Norfolk, VA, 23508, USA
2 - University of Sulaimani, Department of Field Crops, School of Agriculture, Sulaimani, Kuridstan Region, Iraq
3 - Old Dominion University, MARY P HOGAN PROF OF BOTANY, Department Of Biological Sciences, Norfolk, VA, 23529-0266, USA

Keywords:
Pistacia eurycarpa
Anacardiaceae
Iraq
Kurdistan
Ethnobotany.

Presentation Type: Oral Paper:Papers for Sections
Session: 4
Location: Union C/Hyatt
Date: Monday, July 9th, 2012
Time: 9:15 AM
Number: 4004
Abstract ID:629


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